Profit sharing is not just a tool to reduce your company's tax liability; it is also a powerful means of expressing gratitude towards your employees.
As we close the books on last year, employers often find themselves looking for ways to lower their impending tax bills. At the same time, companies are trying to retain and reward top talent. Is there a strategy that accomplishes both? Absolutely, and it's known as profit sharing. This tax-efficient strategy can serve as a power tool for expressing employee appreciation and has the potential to improve morale, engagement, and loyalty.
The Power of Profit Sharing
When a company makes a profit sharing contribution, it directly reduces its taxable income. This step can result in substantial tax savings, especially for closely-held businesses where the owner is also the largest shareholder such as LLCs, PLLCs, S-Corps, and Sole Proprietors.
Profit sharing is not a one-size-fits-all approach. The amount contributed can vary from year to year, offering flexibility, based on the company's performance. This means that in profitable years, you can choose to contribute more, while during leaner years, you can reduce the amount.
Aligning Profit Sharing with Company Goals
The vesting schedule of the profit sharing contribution is another critical aspect that aligns with company goals. There are three primary types of vesting schedules: immediate, graded, and cliff vesting.
- Immediate vesting means the employee owns the employer contributions right away.
- Graded vesting gradually increases the employee’s ownership of employer contributions over a set number of years, such as 20% vesting per year for five years.
- Cliff vesting allows the employee to gain complete ownership after a specific period of service, like 0% in year 1 and 2, then 100% after 3 years.
Thoughtfully selecting the vesting schedule should encourage employees to stay with the company longer, reducing turnover, and boosting organizational stability. However, vesting schedules are dictated by your plan document. Consult with your TPA for specifics. Additionally, a retirement plan advisor can be instrumental in these discussions, helping to navigate the complexities of vesting schedules, and align them with your company's objectives.
What if an Employee Leaves Early?
A common concern is what happens if an employee leaves before they are fully vested. The unvested portion of the employer contributions goes into a forfeiture account. These funds can be recycled to pay for future employer contributions and/or plan expenses, without creating additional tax liabilities for the employer.
This mechanism ensures that your company does not lose out if an employee decides to leave early. Instead, these funds can be utilized to further enhance the retirement benefits of your remaining employees.
If your current vesting schedule doesn't resonate with your company's goals, it's worth discussing and potentially revising later in the year. By planning ahead, you can ensure that next year's profit sharing contributions are structured to optimally meet your company's objectives and your employees' needs. A retirement plan advisor can play a key role in these forward-looking conversations, providing strategic insights.
A Winning Combination
Just like the classic combination of peanut butter and jelly, profit sharing contributions present a unique opportunity for companies to lower their tax liabilities while simultaneously expressing appreciation for their employees. It serves as a reminder that when the company succeeds, everyone shares in the success. This powerful message can significantly contribute to building a loyal, engaged, and motivated workforce.
As a 401(k) plan fiduciary, your actions can profoundly impact your employees' financial futures. By exploring and implementing strategies like profit sharing, you can play a pivotal role in boosting their retirement readiness while simultaneously working toward your company's financial and strategic goals. A retirement plan advisor can provide valuable guidance on profit sharing strategies.
About Your Local Connecticut Retirement Advisor
At Jacobs Financial Partners, we bring sound financial strategies that build confidence to those who need it most. We are passionate about providing solutions that:
- Can drive retirement plan success.
- Boost participant outcomes and retirement readiness.
- Help families pursue their financial goals.
As experienced financial planners and music lovers, we listen with open ears and compose a plan tailored to meet each client’s needs.
Frank P. Zocco, Jr., CFP®, AIF®, CRPS®
Jacobs Financial Partners, LLC
95 Glastonbury Blvd, Suite 210
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Investment Adviser Representative offering securities and advisory services through Cetera Advisor Networks LLC, member FINRA / SIPC, a broker-dealer and registered investment adviser. Cetera is under separate ownership from any other named entity. Distributions from traditional IRA's and employer sponsored retirement plans are taxed as ordinary income and, if taken prior to reaching age 59 ½, may be subject to an additional 10% IRS tax penalty. All investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal. There is no assurance that any investment strategy will be successful. For a comprehensive review of your personal situation, always consult with a tax or legal advisor. Neither Cetera Advisor Networks LLC nor any of its representatives may give legal or tax advice.
This information was developed as a general guide to educate plan sponsors and is not intended as authoritative guidance or tax/legal advice. Each plan has unique requirements, and you should consult your attorney or tax advisor for guidance on your specific situation.
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